Oral surgery – Tooth Extraction
What is oral surgery?
Oral surgery is a specialist activity of dental medicine and its most common procedures are tooth extraction (especially extraction of wisdom teeth). Even though modern stomatology has progressed, cases in which teeth extraction due to deep caries, advanced periodontitis, inflammations at the top of tooth roots and impacted wisdom teeth is necessary are not a rarity.
All procedures of oral surgery are performed under local anesthesia and are completely painless.
Alveotomy is a routine surgical procedure of extraction or removal of wisdom teeth which cannot sprout due to a lack of space or wrong placement. Evolution shows that human jaw has a tendency to decrease in size, which is why most individuals already today do not have enough space for all teeth. Given how wisdom teeth are the last to sprout, they often do not manage to do that or they only partially sprout in our mouth.
The sole existence of such a wisdom tooth is not reason enough for extraction, but most often, wisdom teeth during sprouting cause problems like inflammation and swelling. In select cases, the sole cleaning of area around a wisdom tooth is enough, but if the process complicates, surgical tooth extraction is required.
Our recommendation is that you get a healthy rest and eat something in the morning before wisdom tooth extraction because the procedure and recovery depend on your general (health) condition. It is important that you keep the wound clean after alveotomy so that you could reduce the risk of infection. Pain and swelling are normal postoperative occurrences, and the recovery itself lasts from 2 to 7 days.
The other most common procedure in oral surgery is apicotomy, i.e. root resection during which the top of the tooth root together with an associate process – a cyst or a granula is removed. Root resection is performed when it is impossible to cure the tooth with an endodontic procedure and it represents the last resort of saving the tooth from extraction.
Corticotomy is a surgical procedure performed on patients whose teeth have not sprouted and cannot be seen in the dental arch, but exist somewhere in the upper or lower jaw. The procedure is used to remove the bone cover of a permanent tooth in order to facilitate and hasten its sprouting. Corticotomy facilitates shifting, i.e. sprouting of a tooth by up to four times, and it is most commonly used along with orthodontic cuspid extraction.